Glossary

Advocacy
Advocacy is a system of actions directed at changing attitudes, policies, positions, practices or programmes in society.
Ambassadors
A network of volunteers working in the community to identify and refer patients for treatment.
Basic Emergency Obstetric and Newborn Care (BEmONC)
The provision of basic care for mothers and newborns during an emergency.
Clubfoot
A congenital deformity of the foot. The foot tends to be smaller than normal, with the heel pointing downward and the forefoot turning inward. If left untreated, the deformity will continue to get worse and the child will walk on the outside of his/her foot.
Continuous Improvement
Introducing processes and systems to improve the way that an organisation operates, and ensuring that improvement is a constant priority.
Hydrocephalus
Hydrocephalus means, “water on the brain.” A build-up of fluid surrounding the brain puts pressure on the brain, pushing it up against the skull. Hydrocephalus enlarges the skull in infants, and damages or destroys brain tissue. Hydrocephalus is commonly associated with spina bifida.
Lean thinking
The implementation of systems, processes and working cultures to ensure minimum waste and guarantee maximum added value in all operations
Mainstreaming disability
Ensuring that all development interventions are planned and implemented in such a way that people with disabilities, their needs, rights and potentials, are taken into account on equal terms with those of other population groups.
Maternal mortality
The death of a woman as a result of complications during pregnancy or childbirth.
mHealth
The use of mobile technology to facilitate and improve the provision of healthcare services.
Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)
The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), are a set of objectives developed and endorsed by governments at the United Nations in September 2000, aiming to improve human well-being by reducing poverty, hunger, child and maternal mortality, ensuring education for all, controlling and managing diseases, tackling gender disparity, ensuring sustainable development and pursuing global partnerships by 2015.
Neonatal mortality
The death of a baby within the first 28 days of life.
Polio
An infection that affects parts of the spinal cord, damaging the nerves that control movements. The infection results in the paralysis and shortening of different muscles, resulting in a restricted range of movement.
Public Private Partnership (PPP)
A partnership between a Government and a private entity. CCBRT has been in a PPP with the Government of Tanzania since 2007, as they provide their full support to the provision of disability, rehabilitation and maternal and newborn health services.